How Air Conditioner Works? AC working principle Explained!

One interesting fact you may not know is that the air conditioner and fridge work the same way. The difference is that the refrigerator, refrigerates a small isolated space, and the air conditioner keeps your home, office or business space at a comfortable temperature.  

AC motor working principle is one part of a central heating system and a central cooling system that draws heat energy from outside the home and transmits it. Simply put the air conditioner at home and work is both a central heating and cooling system that provides cool air through the metal duct by providing a process of pulling warm air from the inside, removing heat, which is replaced by cool air.

The whole working principle of ac motor process of making the air in your comfortable temperature property is based on a very simple scientific principle; the ac generator working principle rest is achieved by mechanical means. Let’s take a visual look at how air conditioning installation to cool your home. 

Air conditioner comes between ranges of air conditioner price is 15,000 to 50,000. We recommend buying an air conditioner price under 30000. Here are some best air conditioner, under 30000

The Process of Cooling Your Home with air conditioner

air conditioner working process
working of ac

The air-conditioning unit uses chemicals that convert from gas to liquid and come back quickly. These working principle of ac generator thechemicals transfer heat from the air inside the property to the outside air.

The ac compressor working principleunit has three main parts. These are compressors, condensers, and evaporators. Your compressor and condenser unit is usually located on the outside of the air conditioning system. Inside the house where you’ll find the evaporator.

The coolant reaches the compressor as a low-pressure gas. The ac tachogenerator working principle

Compressor presses this gas/liquid, and the molecules in the liquid are packed together. The higher the compressor pressure on these molecules together, the higher the temperature and energy.

Ac generator working principle and construction and its working fluid exits the compressor as a high-pressure hot gas and moves to the condenser. The outdoor unit of the air conditioner has metal fins throughout the residence. The working principle of ac servo motorfins acts like a radiator in the car and help dissipate heat more quickly.

When the condensed liquid leaves, it becomes cooler. Split ac working principle also changes from gas to liquid due to high pressure. In the solar ac working principle the liquid makes its way into the evaporator through a small, narrow opening and when the liquid reaches the other side of this passage, its pressure decreases. When this happens, the liquid begins to evaporate into the gas.  

When this occurs, heat is extracted from the surrounding air. This heat is required to separate the liquid molecules into a gas. Window ac working principle is that the metal fins in the evaporator also help to exchange heat energy with the surrounding air. Split ac working principle diagram is shown below.


AC working process
AC working process

When the coolant leaves the evaporator then its working principle of ac induction motor it again becomes a low-pressure and cooled gas. The whole process of air conditioner and refrigerator are begins when you return to the compressor. There is a fan connected to the evaporator, circling the air inside the property and through the evaporator fins.

The ac sucks air into the ducts through the vent. Channels then blow air back into the house.

This ac drive working principleprocess continues until the indoor air of your home or business reaches the desired temperature. When the thermostat senses that the internal temperature is at the desired level in home ac, it closes the air conditioner. When the room temperature rises again, the thermostat restarts the ac until the preferred ambient temperature is achieved again.

This processing is primarily done using five components of ac:

  • Evaporator
  • Compressor
  • Condenser
  • Expansion valve
  • Refrigerant

An air conditioner portable (AC) in a room or a car works by collecting hot air from a particular location, incorporating it into itself using a coolant and a pair of coils and then releasing the cold air at the same location. Originally collected where there is hot air. This is essentially how the air conditioner works.

Imagine the air conditioner market being in the scorching heat of a particularly scorching summer day, with a few godforsed messages that can’t be turned off anymore. Components of an inventor air conditioner the heat is so unbearable that it feels like the hottest day on earth since the beginning of civilization. However, there is one thing that keeps you going: the knowledge that you will have in your air-conditioned home within an hour.

Finally that moment comes. You open the door and enter your house. A breath of cold air surrounds every cell in your body and you immediately feel better.

I am sure you have had this experience at least once in your life. The Society Cooling Revolution that brought the best air conditioner into human society can never be excluded. Although there were fans from previous generations and other ways to stay cool on hot days, they were never surprisingly as effective as modern air conditioners in terms of cooling capacity.

In this article we are going to talk about components and air conditioner types, automatic expansion valve and what they do – and how they do it – making them almost a necessity in urban areas.

Parts of an air conditioner

Air conditioners are mainly installed in two types of air conditioner: window systems and split systems (these are further subdivided into mini-split and central systems). In the everyday language, these are commonly referred to as window AC and split AC.

Regardless of the type of installation, all air conditioners have four important components listed below


An evaporator condenser is in fact a heat exchanger coil that is responsible for collecting heat from a space via a cooling gas. This component is known as an evaporative air conditioner and wherein the liquid coolant absorbs heat and evaporates to form a gas.

Indoor unit of a split air conditioner. Evaporator air conditioner has an evaporator coil (Photo credit: Shutter stock)

Some of the most common evaporator in refrigerator gases used in air conditioning systems include fluorocarbons or HFCs (for example, R-410A), chlorofluorocarbons or HCFCs (for example, R-22) and hydrocarbons (for example, R-290 and R-600A). Evaporator of refrigerator is the gas that actually absorbs heat from the chamber and travels to the next component for further processing, that is.


As the name compressor in refrigerator clearly shows, compression of gaseous refrigerant takes place here. Compressor air conditioner is located in the outdoor unit, air compressor air conditioners is, the part that is installed outside the house.


The condenser air conditioner receives the evaporated refrigerant from the compressor, returns it to liquid and expels the heat outside. Air cooled condenser is of course also located on the external unit of split AC.

Expansion valve

Also known as a throttle device, the thermostatic expansion valve is located between two sets of coils (cold coil from evaporator and hot coil from condenser). Ac expansion valve controls the amount of coolant that moves to evaporation.

Note that in the case of window AC, the above three components are all contained in a small metal box installed in a window opening.

These are the most important components of an air conditioner. Now let’s see how they work together to make AC.


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